There is no incongruousness within the concept in the very earliest amount of man’s habitation of this world he made a friend and companion of some type of aboriginal representative of our trendy dog, which reciprocally for its aid in protecting him from wilder animals, and in guarding his sheep and goats, he gave it a share of his food, a corner in his dwelling house, and grew to trust it and care for it. Probably the animal was originally very little else than an unusually gentle Canis aureus, or an ailing wolf driven by its companions from the wild marauding pack to seek shelter in alien surroundings. One will well conceive the possibility of the partnership beginning within the circumstance of some helpless whelps being brought home by the first hunters to be tended and reared by the women and children. Dogs introduced into the house as playthings for the kids would grow to take themselves and be regarded, as members of the family
In nearly all parts of the globe traces of an indigenous dog family area unit found, the only exceptions being the West Indian Islands, Madagascar, the eastern islands of the Malayan Archipelago, New Zealand, and the Polynesian Islands, where there is no sign that any dog, wolf, or fox has existed as a true aboriginal animal. In the ancient Oriental lands, and generally among the early Mongolians, the dog remained savage and neglected for centuries, prowling in packs, gaunt and wolf-like, as it prowls today through the streets and underneath the walls of every eastern town. No attempt was created to allure it into human society or to boost it into flexibility. It is not until we tend to come back to look at the records of the upper civilizations of geographic region and Egypt that we tend to discover any distinct kinds of canine type.
The dog wasn’t greatly appreciated in Palestine, Associate in Nursing in each the old and New Testaments it’s usually spoken of with scorn and contempt as an “unclean beast.” Even the familiar reference to the sheepdog within the Book of Job “But presently they that area sure} younger than I actually have ME in derision, whose fathers i would have disdained to set with the dogs of my flock” isn’t without a suggestion of contempt, and the sole biblical reference to the dog as a recognized companion of man must occur in the apocryphal Book of Tobit (v. 16), “So they went forth every and the young man’s dog with them.”
The great multitude of various breeds of the dog and therefore the immense variations in their size, points, and general look are facts that make it troublesome to believe that they could have had a common ancestry. One thinks of the difference between the Mastiff and the Japanese Spaniel, the Deerhound and the fashionable Pomeranian, the St. Bernard and the Miniature Black and Tan hunting dog, and is perplexed in contemplating the possibility of their having descended from a common progenitor. Yet the inequality is not any bigger than that between the shire and therefore the Shetland pony, the shorthorn} and therefore the Kerry cattle, or the Patagonian and therefore the Pygmy; and all dog breeder’s skills straightforward it’s to provide a spread in kind and size by studied choice.
In order properly to know this question it’s necessary 1st to contemplate the identity of structure within the wolf and therefore the dog. This identity of structure could best be studied in an exceedingly comparison of the animal material system, or skeletons, of the 2 animals, that therefore closely match one another that their transposition would not easily be detected. And they are varied in size and shapes.