An asthma action plan gives guidance on taking your medicines properly, avoiding asthma triggers (except physical activity), tracking your level of asthma control, responding to worsening symptoms, and seeking emergency care when needed.
When the airways react to asthma triggers, people can experience what’s called an asthma flare-up or asthma attack Symptoms of an asthma attack include coughing, chest tightness, wheezing and trouble breathing, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. While there is no cure for asthma.
Asthma attacks can be prevented or reduced by taking medication daily (usually called controller or maintenance medications), avoiding asthma triggers, and modifying one’s environment (such as minimizing dust and other allergens). If you or your child has asthma, talk to your doctor about treatment and about making an asthma action plan to track symptoms, check medications and record asthma triggers.
You need to take medications based on the instructions in your asthma care plan to stop the symptoms from getting more severe and turning into a full-blown attack. Follow-up asthma treatment will depend on how well your asthma action plan is controlling your symptoms and preventing asthma attacks. Medications used to prevent asthma attacks (controller medications) focus on decreasing the airway inflammation that causes attacks.
Managing the Disease with proper Medications by avoiding the Triggers Attacks
If you do use them, the latest government guidelines stress that they should not be prescribed as the first-choice medicine to treat asthma, and they should only be added to your treatment plan if other medications do not control your symptoms. By managing your disease with medications and avoiding the triggers that bring on attacks, you can keep your airways open. A large part of keeping your asthma under control and preventing ‘asthma attacks’ involves preventative measures like avoiding known triggers and taking your preventer medicine every day.
Other long-term medications include omalizumab, a shot given one or two times a month to prevent the body from reacting to asthma triggers, and inhaled long-acting beta2-agonists, which help open airways, according to NHLBI (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute). The plan will document important information such as your daily medications, how to handle asthma attacks, and how to control your asthma symptoms in the long term. Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent asthma, but by working with your doctor and staying on track with the treatment plan that the doctor has given you, you can control your asthma attacks.
prevent asthma by taking your Medication properly
The recommendation was based mainly on studies of people with severe asthma; the thinking was that if people with mild symptoms used the steroid inhaler early on, it would prevent damage to their airways later. Sports and other outdoor activities can make asthma flare-up.
Work with your health care provider to create a written asthma action plan that lists your asthma triggers, medications and what to do to keep your asthma well controlled throughout the year.
It’s especially important for children to see their health care provider before school starts to adjust asthma medications, check your inhaler technique, and get an updated written asthma action plan (AAP) to have at home and give a copy to the school nurse. Should in case of any measure attack.