Catfish farming is lucrative business entrepreneurs have found as a far better source of income and have strived to widen it to accommodate many kinds of fish species.
Among all the fish species, the most popular and commonly wanted is the catfish followed by tilapia. Catfish is been rated because the sixth hottest fish and seafood consumed in most countries today.
Catfish farming is chosen over others because it’s one of the most suitable fishes that do well and is simpler to farm considering the climate and weather even in warm climates. Again, their foods are inexpensive and may be gotten from local grocers.
The catfish farming business involves breeding of fingerlings to table-size fishes, creating awareness for them, and selling them to form profits. Notwithstanding, many of us wish to venture into catfish farming but don’t know where and the way to start out it.
Here are the helpful recommendations on the way to begin catfish farming.
1. Know the requirements
Starting a catfish farming business is sweet but is way better once you know the first and essential things required for the success of the farming operation.
Catfish farming may be a flexible agricultural-based business but it needs adequate attention and knowledge, therefore the initial thing you have to do when this business pops up in your mind is how to get the simplest training on catfish farming so that you wouldn’t do things the incorrect way.
Having essential knowledge of catfish farming requires that you simply know the species of catfish, how they survive, the simplest facilities to boost them, food suitable for them at every stage, target markets, sales strategies, and related other important things.
2. Research your Target Market
First of all, you’ve got to understand what percentage catfish farmers that you have around the vicinity and the demand for catfish over there.
Try and meet hotels and restaurants which may need constant supplies of catfishes before concluding on which to start.
Since the essential aim of venturing into such a business is to form money, you have to make efforts in knowing what your target markets need which may be a point of paramount significance.
Check the customer base and the competitors that you are going to face. Learn whom they sell to and the way they sell to their potential customers so on put them in action once you must have established your own catfish farm.
3. Choose the Species of Catfish
Choose the species of catfish but after you must have made the necessary research which includes knowing what quite catfish the markets around your farm needs.
There are different species of catfish used for aquarium business. See and obtain more ideas about all the freshwater and saltwater catfish for starting an aquarium business.
Some of the freshwater catfish species that are best used for aquarium include bristle nose pleco, bumblebee catfish, catfish, the wrong way up catfish, glass catfish, Asian stone catfish, catfish, corydoras catfish, striped Raphael catfish, and clown pleco among others.
Master the care, characteristic features, and best surviving environment for every species of the catfish so as to understand how best to handle them to form a far better outcome.
The species of the catfish you select will determine the kind of facility you’ll provide for the fishes. it’ll also depend upon the size of the pond, how you’ll operate the farm as well because of the target market.
4. Start with A Smaller Scale Catfish Farm First
Consider how you’ll like to run the business, but in most cases starting on a smaller scale is best because it will help you to easily manage the business well and wouldn’t lose much when the business is in danger.
You can then make an expansion later once you must have learned the tricks in doing the business, see the incorrect steps you’ve got made, and brought the required corrections.
Note that beginning a large aquarium farm requires a huge amount of capital to start the investment. during this case, you need to get land that will not be but 100 acres because of the massive scale of business the larger the capital.
But in a wise way, you can start little and aim high with a little fish pond or inland tank. once you have your principal objective and aim high, starting small will cause a huge income that will now help you create a large commercial catfish farm.
A wrong thanks to starting is once you start high just because you feel that you have quite enough capital but with no vision. The business will certainly not grow. it’s advisable to possess a vision, start small but aim high so as to make an enormous profit and grow the business.
5. Get the Facilities
Find an appropriate land that will accommodate your farming business, you’ll buy if you’ve got enough money otherwise you can rent for a start and buy one later once you start making enough profit.
But it’s vital to understand if there’s any catfish farmer in that area so that you won’t be competing with anyone especially those that have made a reputation in such business.
The very first facility that involves your mind once you are set to start up an aquarium business is a land – where your pond will be situated
Building a fish pond isn’t what you’ll do yourself, even if you can, you still need others to help you, but it is vital that you simply employ the services of skilled laborers who will build it consistent with your design while you supervise their work. A pond can be made of concrete, tarpaulin, or PVC depending on your choice.
You may prefer to use inland tanks or channels for raising your juvenile catfish. Catfishes raised in such places are said to be safe for the environment since their waste and disease aren’t spread to the wild.
Consider the depth and size of the pond also to avoid overcrowding the fishes or fishes escaping due to the shallowness of the pond and build it in partitions with a flattop.
The source of the water system is extremely essential because water is the major thing after you have your land and therefore the pond is constructed. Your catfish need a constant supply of freshwater from sources like well or borehole. Also include all the line items essential for catfish production such as fuel, electricity, feed, fingerlings, workforce, supplies, equipment, and repairs.
Other little but important things are plastic containers for collecting fishes from the pond from time to time and one square meter of the fishnet as the case may be.
6. Get Good Breed of Healthy Juvenile
Always choose fish that are standard juvenile, don’t choose fingerling fish. Fingerling catfish are the group of catfish between the ages of 0 to 4 weeks while the juvenile is the group within the age range of 4 to 8 weeks.
Stock the pond with healthy and quality juvenile depending on the species you are going for, and try to find out the diseases that are associated with such fishes and how to control and prevent it.
Start with a juvenile which has every tendency to mature to table fish within 2 months provided that they are been supplied with a good quality of water. It’s most important to consider their feeding source and management.
Once you start up with good and healthy species of juvenile catfish, supply them with neat healthy water and adequate feed, the outcome will be higher than what you expected.
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